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What Is Full Stack Development? A Complete Guide

The everyday responsibilities you can expect as a full-stack developer will differ based on the company you work for, your industry, and your expertise. All these factors will influence the sort of work your employer gives you. According to LinkedIn’s 2020 Emerging Jobs Report, full-stack developer jobs are in 4th place on the list of growing jobs. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) shows a similar trajectory, as they estimate that web development and design jobs will increase by 8% by 2029. And just a note about JavaScript – it’s used widely in front-end development, but in recent years many developers have started using it for back-end development too. JavaScript libraries and frameworks provide pre-written code that implements specific functionalities.

A degree in computer science or a related field is one way to gain the skills you need to handle the responsibilities of a full-stack engineer. Make sure to publish your code to a public repository on the code versioning site GitHub. Don’t be afraid to include projects that are currently in development, either.

What is a Software Stack? Which Stack Should I Learn?

Hopefully, you found this article helpful, and you now have a better understanding of what full-stack web development entails. Non-relational databases (also referred to as NoSQL databases) don’t store data in tables. In the end, you will build five certification projects, some of which include a telephone number validator and a Roman numeral converter. But they offer a shorter, more precise, and less verbose way to create instructions that the computer can understand. When using Visual Studio Code, you can write and edit source code, save time with code autocompletion, and use the built-in debugger and terminal.

Aspiring full stack developers may pursue degrees in fields like computer science or graphic design, giving themselves the chance to learn about both web development and the broader industries housing it. It can be challenging to showcase your skill set on a resume without hands-on experience. A portfolio shows potential employers what you’re capable of by highlighting your best work. Include screenshots, and describe the technologies you used and your role in each.


Web development is nearly synonymous with high-level problem solving — meaning that developers are usually expected to be skilled critical thinkers. Such thinking not only helps bring a project to fruition, but can also drive the growth of the collective web development team, setting a standard of tenacity and innovation for future projects. We’ll also explore a few potential career paths for aspiring full stack developers. A Java Full Stack Developer is a developer who has expertise and deep knowledge of frameworks and tools used in Java full stack development like Core Java, servlets, APIs, database, web architecture, etc. A Full Stack Java developer can build whole Java applications including front end, back-end, database, APIs, server and version control. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the current estimated growth rate for software developers between the years 2019 to 2029 is 22%.

  • According to Indeed, it takes the average job-seeker roughly nine weeks to apply, interview, and land a new role.
  • As I stated earlier, changes continue to happen daily and we have to embrace them.
  • Full stack developer translates user requirements into the overall architecture and implement the new systems.
  • During a whiteboard exercise, you should explain your thinking process and how you arrive at a solution.
  • According to Canadian Business College, full-stack developers are among the top 15 most in-demand jobs in Canada [2].
  • Information security analysts received a 2020 median salary of $103,590, and by 2029, industry employment is projected to grow by 31 percent.

Companies rely on full stack professionals to spot errors between the front and back end and tackle tasks that straddle both disciplines. This versatility has become increasingly vital as newer apps begin to incorporate AI and other sophisticated technologies into their programming. The term “full stack developer” originated during the early days of the web, when websites were small and uncomplicated enough to allow a single person to tackle every aspect of site-building.

Begin Building Your Portfolio

Git is a tool you install locally to manage your projects, whereas GitHub is an online hosting service. GitHub makes it easier to use Git and is a place for you and your team to upload code. No matter the Operating System you are using, whether it’s MacOS or Microsoft Windows, as a full stack developer, it will help if you learn Linux. You will learn all the concepts listed above (and more) by building 15 practice projects and five certification projects. So, full-stack web development refers to the knowledge of all the parts responsible for the front-end and the back-end side of a web application. Full-stack developer roles are among the most highly sought after positions in the current job market.

full stack developer definition

As you’ll learn many skills as a full-stack developer, you’ll also become a great asset to your employer. Naturally, if you’re interested in progressing into a management role, full-stack development could be the perfect stepping stone (depending on your company). Ruby is another all-purpose programming language that full-stack developers use. 5% of all websites with a known server-side programming language use Ruby. Angular is a platform and framework developers use to build websites and web-based applications. Angular is a very new tool, as Google’s Angular team only released it in 2016.

What are the benefits of full-stack development?

This figure translates into an above-average amount of job opportunities for full-stack engineers in the coming decade. Because full-stack engineers are extremely skilled software developers, the pay for this position tends to be higher than average. Coding boot camps are intensive courses that equip you with the practical industry knowledge and skill set you’ll need to land that first entry-level job. Most boot camps last between three to six months; during that time, you’ll develop portfolio-worthy projects and build relationships with industry professionals. Full stack developers start by brainstorming platforms alongside a graphic design team, often reviewing prototypes before turning them into coded products. Then, these multi-talented programmers craft functional databases and servers to support client-facing content, always evaluating how responsive an app is for end-users and troubleshooting problems as necessary.

full stack developer definition

Despite being a part of the same industry, software engineers and full-stack developers have very distinct skill requirements that differentiate one from the other. Software engineering is the development and creation of individual software applications. The software engineer is the person responsible and is responsible for a single project at a time. The software engineer’s responsibilities are more mission-oriented toward the completion of native applications, applications that are downloaded to a device and can only be used from that device.

Although many job descriptions lists Computer Science Degree as a requirement to get hired as a full-stack developer, I tend to disagree with this. I believe that all you need are skills and projects which you can gain by building projects. Some of the important improvements include introduction of frameworks like React, Angular, Node, Vue etc… As with anything, no one can just up and decide to be a full-stack developer or software engineer. There is a rather large amount of learning to be done to ensure not just success, but even basic comprehension of the tasks that require completing. The first step toward a career in full-stack engineering is typically a Bachelor’s degree or a Master of Computer Science.

full stack developer definition

Full-stack development is beneficial for both the developers and the customers. Of course, that’s not an extensive list, so if you can think of any other tools new full-stack developers should know, please share them in the comments below. Angular is an excellent choice for developers who need to design a website or web app that works consistently across computers, phones, and tablets. Naturally, as full-stack developers have an extensive range of responsibilities at work, they’re compensated reasonably well.

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